Samos is one of the gems of the Greek, North Aegean sea. Located souch of Chios, north of Patmos and the Dodecanese, and off the coast of Asia Minor, Samos enjoyes a typically Mediterranean climate. The island's population is arround 33,000, which makes it the 9th most populous Greek island.
From ancient Greece to world war II
From ancient Greece to the Roman eras, to the Byzantine era, the Ottoman occupation, the union with the Kingdom of Greece in 1912, the occupation by Italian and German troops during World War II, and the reunion with the rest of Greece in 1945, —Samos carries a deep line of history spanning in more than two thousand years.
The Eupalinian aqueduct
The Eupalinian aqueduct is today regarded as one of the masterpieces of ancient engineering.
One of the attractions you shouldn't miss is the Eupalinian aqueduct, a tunnel built by Eupalinos in the 6th century BC. The tunnel is going through the Mount Kastro to supply the ancient capital of Samos with fresh water. With a length of over 1km, Eupalinos' subterranean aqueduct is today regarded as one of the masterpieces of ancient engineering and is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Samos in ancient Geece
Samos reached its zenith of power under the rule of Polycrates, the tyrant of Samos from 540 to 522BC. Polycrates was an effective and popular ruler, protecting the port with a mole still in existence and having Eupalinus, the celebrated architect and engineer, construct a tunnel containing an aqueduct through Mount Ambelos to bring water to the ancient capital. Polycrates also commissioned the architects Rhoikos and Theodorus to build the great Hera temple, which brought so much wealth to Samos. Samos was a major naval power under Polycrates, with a fleet of one hundred ships of a new kind, the obtuse-bowed bireme Samaina.
Pythagoras of Samos
Pythagoras of Samos (Pythagoras theorem) is often described as the first pure mathematician. He is an extremely important figure in the development of mathematics yet we know relatively little about his mathematical achievements, yet we have nothing of Pythagoras's writings.
The society which he led, half religious and half scientific, followed a code of secrecy which certainly means that today Pythagoras is a mysterious figure.